Introducing a group of support materials such as HIPS and PVA filaments revolutionized how professionals and hobbyists conduct their 3D printing projects.
Also, this new technology introduced the support material that makes it possible for 3D printing enthusiasts to experiment by printing complex models they never thought they would ever print.
- What Is HIPS Filament?
- Is PETG Stronger Than PLA?
- HIPS Filament vs ABS
- HIPS Filament vs PETG
- Can HIPS Be Used With PLA? Is It Better Than PLA?
- Is HIPS Filament Toxic?
- Top 3 HIPS Filament Brands
- Are HIPS Filaments Expensive?
Additionally, soluble support material such as the HIPS filament and PVA filament enables you to print complex 3D objects with curves and cavities.
The support materials’ functionalities excite 3D printing hobbyists. For instance, after 3D printing an object, you need to put it inside the soluble agent, and the support material will dissolve, leaving behind a high-quality 3D print.
This article provides you with in-depth information about the HIPS filament. HIPS filament remains one of the most famous and highly used 3D printing support materials in the market.
What Is HIPS Filament?
HIPS stands for High Impact Polystrene. It’s a dissolvable filament used as a support material in the 3D printing industry. Because of its soluble properties, the HIPS filament can be easily removed from the 3D model using a solution called Limonene.
Previously, you would print using a 3D printer filament such as the ABS filament successfully. However, at times, you needed to scrub or sand the surface and the edges of your final object to spruce up its quality.
You no longer need to go through that, as HIPS supports the production of high-quality prints as a soluble support material.
Features of the HIPS Filament
The HIPS filament enjoys several excellent qualities that make it a favorite for most 3D printing enthusiasts:
- Excellent and high-quality impact resistance
- Used as a support material for ABS filament
- Dissolvable in Limonene (check at Amazon)
- Used for evaluating quick prints as it’s affordable and easy to use
- Material mechanical properties give it a shiny surface and a nice touch
- Less costly filament
- Enjoys superior aesthetic qualities
Disadvantages of the HIPS Filament
- Requires the installation of a heating chamber
- It needs a heating bed to function
- Needs ventilation
- The printing temperature remains high
HIPS Hardware Requirements
- It needs a heated bed
- It needs a dual extrusion printer (check at Amazon)
- Requires a build surface
- It needs a cooling device such as a fan
Using the HIPS Filament
3D printing using the HIPS filament requires a 3D printer with a bed temperature of between 90 to 110 degrees celsius. Consequently, you may run into challenges with some machines as they will develop bed adhesion issues.
Also, a high bed temperature can be challenging to achieve. Therefore, as a remedy, you can use the Kapton tape (check at Amazon) to help you achieve the correct bed adhesion whenever you use HIPS filament.
Temperatures in the heated chambers need to be correctly adjusted to suit the HIPS filament requirement.
Is PETG Stronger Than PLA?
Polylactic Acid (PLA), a thermoplastic monomer manufactured from renewable organic sources like sugarcane and corn starch, remains a popular 3D printing plastic material.
PLA filament uses biomass resources for its production; its chemical properties remain different from fossil-based plastic filaments.
Properties Of The PLA Filament
- Heat deflection temperature of 52 degrees Celsius
- Material density 1.24 grams per cubic centimeter
- Material tensile strength 50MPa
- Material flexural strength 96.1
- Material shrink rate 0.37-0.41%
PETG stands for Polyethylene Glycol. Also, PETG remains a thermoplastic polyester that provides durability, manufacturing formability, and chemical resistance.
If you closely look at it, you realize it comes about as the adoption of PET( Polyethelene Terephthalate). The “G” represents Glycol and serves to add a molecular property that makes it possible for 3D printed objects to have that shiny appearance and a nice touch.
Properties of the PETG Filament
- Heat Deflection Temperature of 69 degrees celsius
- Material Density 1.04 grams per cubic centimeter
- Material Tensile Strength 50 MPa
- Material Flexural Strength 88.9
- Material Shrink Rate 0.8%
Comparison Between PLA And PETG
Both the PLA and PETG fall under the polyester plastic group. Also, they belong to the thermoplastic group like other FDM 3D printing filaments (check at Amazon).
The thermoplastic property of the filament softens it up when exposed to a particular level of temperature. Additionally, you can find both of these filaments in both the 1.75mm and 2.85mm diameters.
PETG boasts a higher physical strength than the PLA filament.
The PETG temperature tolerance capacity remains higher than that of the PLA. So, the PETG temperature tolerance, recorded at 75 degrees celsius, remains more elevated than the PLA temperature tolerance paged at 55 degrees celsius.
PETG filament handles the outdoor weather and the sun far much better than the PLA filament. However, you can make the PLA more durable in difficult weather conditions by painting it.
Paint remains a known remedy for protecting PLA filament from adverse weather conditions.
Support materials enable 3D printers to produce high-quality prints. Therefore, choosing the suitable support material for the leading 3D printer filament proves to be the game-changer as enhancing print quality remains the issue.
On this front, PLA enjoys more wide-range support materials compatible with it than the PETG filament.
HIPS Filament vs ABS
The ABS Filament
Together with the PLA filament, the ABS filament remains one of the most popular and widely used filaments in the 3D printing industry.
ABS stands for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene. Also, it enjoys the thermoplastic properties that mold it when heated and solidifies when cooled quickly.
Additionally, it can take numerous forms and maintain its quality, making it attractive to traditional 3D printing manufacturers and 3D printing hobbyists.
Advantages Of The ABS Filament
- Enjoys durable thermoplastic qualities
- Used in both rapid prototyping and additive manufacturing while testing durability, resistance, and the impact of the product
- Enjoys superior electrical insulation qualities
- Enjoys high-temperature resistance qualities
- Enjoys high tensile strength
- Can process ABS filament with acetone to make the final product smooth and shiny
On the other hand, you can use the dissolving HIPS alongside the ABS filament. Ideally, when used to support 3D printing with ABS being the central filament, you can dissolve HIPS using Limonene to free the 3D object from markings caused during HIPS removal.
More importantly, HIPS hosts many of the qualities commonly seen in ABS. Thus, making HIPS the preferred ABS filament dual extrusion partner.
The HIPS filament boasts dimensionally more potent and slightly lighter mechanical properties than the ABS.
Thus, this particular property makes HIPS a preferred choice for parts that end up wearing out in applications that benefits from the lighter weight.
HIPS Filament vs PETG
PETG Plastic Filament
PETG stands for Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol. It’s a co-polyester famously utilized in the 3D printing industry for its durability and user-friendliness.
The “G” in the PETG represents Glycol- modified, a molecular property that makes the final 3D object clear and enjoys the shiny glass-like properties.
Furthermore, PETG combines some of the best qualities of PLA and ABS.
For example, while it picks the easy-to-use quality of PLA, at the same time, it enjoys the rigidity and mechanical properties of ABS.
Advantages OF the PETG Filament
- Excellent thermoplastic properties make it easy to heat to printing temperature and mold into a specific form
- It cannot easily warp or shrink
- Applicable in parts where transparency is a priority
- Used to mold high-strength mechanical parts that provide a shiny surface finish
PETG Run Conditions
- Heat bed temperature: 60-80 degrees celsius
- Nozzle run temperature: 230-250 degrees celsius
Properties Of PETG Filament
- Filament density: 1.27 grams per cubic centimeter
- Tensile strength: 7250 Psi
- Hardness: 106
- Softening temperature: 85 degrees celsius
PETG versus HIPS
Having seen the properties of the two filaments, PETG, and HIPS in this article, it makes an exciting prospect to compare the two.
You can use HIPS as a print filament in its own right and a supporting material in the 3D printing process. But PETG remains a printing and not a 3D printing support material.
The two plastic filaments demonstrate a tremendous resistance impact; hence they attract many applications in various 3D printing industries.
Also, PETG comes on top when performing under significant stress levels compared to HIPS filament.
HIPS quickly turns the table on PETG when it comes to providing a final product with better rigidity. However, the same quality renders HIPS the more brittle filament between the two.
In 3D printing jargon, tensile strength means the ability of a filament to resist breaking up when subjected to high temperatures. In this regard, PETG outperforms the HIPS filament as it enjoys a tensile strength paged at more than twice that of the PETG filament.
Furthermore, HIPS gives a translucent white look with a matte finish to its 3D prints. Also, it can be produced in a variety of colors as it takes colors well.
On the contrary, PETG remains transparent, and its products enjoy excellent clarity.
Can HIPS Be Used With PLA? Is It Better Than PLA?
You can use HIPS with PLA because Limonene, the chemical that dissolves HIPS, does not affect the PLA filament.
However, using HIPS with PLA may not be recommended because the two plastic filaments do not have similar printing temperatures.
While the PLA material prints at a nozzle temperature of 180 degrees celsius, HIPS prints at a higher temperature of 230 degrees Celsius.
Therefore, striking a balance between the two printing temperatures during printing time may prove to be a complicated task indeed. Thus, the PLA filament may not stick to the HIPS resulting in a misplaced undertaking.
When you look deeply into the mechanical properties of both plastic filaments, you will find:
HIPS 1.9 and PLA 3.5
Elongation Of Break
HIPS 4% and PLA 6%
Ultimate Tensile Strenght
HIPS 32 and PLA 50
Stiffness To Weight
HIPS 40 and PLA 40
Strength To Weight
HIPS 8.5 and PLA 11
The above statistics lead us to the logical conclusion that PLA remains the more robust filament between the two 3D printing filaments. Thus, it may appear to be the better filament.
However, 3D printing professionals and hobbyists have different needs other 3D printer filaments can serve.
The best filament for a particular need may not be the best for a different requirement and application.
Is HIPS Filament Toxic?
HIPS filaments have mechanical properties that make them release toxic fumes when subjected to heating. So, when heated up, HIPS produces small amounts of styrene into the environment.
These emissions may be pretty hazardous to your health, and you need to take precautions to keep safe from them.
If you get exposed to high amounts of HIPS toxic fumes, you may suffer irritation of the eyes and suffer respiratory tract health challenges. You may get nausea and severe headaches.
To tackle this challenge, you can install a unique filler system in your office or workshop. Also, increasing room ventilation automatically activates the installed filler system.
Furthermore, you can buy or even create your printer enclosure to keep the toxic fumes from you during 3D printing.
Top 3 HIPS Filament Brands
1) Fillamentum Extra Fill
This HIPS Filament Brand comes from the Czech republic. The Fillamentum Extra Fill offers its customers high-quality 3D printing materials that include the HIPS filament.
You can find the product in five different shades of colors, and 3D hobbyists have an extensive range of colors to pick from the available options. The manufacturers also provide adequate information on the technical aspects of the Fillamentum Extra Fill Brand.
Additionally, the manufacturers of this brand offer 3D enthusiasts a dissolving solution known as Lemonenesal. The soluble solution comes in 315 and 625ml bottles.
- Printer nozzle temperature: 230-250 degrees celsius
- Printer bed temperature:90-105 degrees celsius
- Spool sizes: 750 grams of 1,75 and 2.85mm diameter
- Colors: signal red, sky blue, natural, traffic black, and metal gray
2) Gizmo Dorks
The manufacturers of this particular HIPS brand come from California in the US.
The Gizmo Dork HIPS filament brand enjoys rave reviews from many customers and 3D printing hobbyists.
Its most significant selling point remains the provision of a wide range of colors for its products.
- Printer nozzle temperature: 230-250 degrees Celsius
- Printer bed temperature: 110 degrees celsius
- Spool sizes: 200 grams and 1 kg spools of 1,75 and 2.85mm diameter
- Colors: yellow, black, white, blue, glow-in-the-dark, red, orange, purple, green, and grey
Kodak will remain a company mainly linked to the photography and paper print business.
However, It diversified its operations and now offers well-packaged HIPS spools for the 3D printing industry.
The HIPS filaments come in different sizes and colors that will remain adequate if you use the filaments as a support material.
- Printer nozzle temperature: 235 degrees celsius
- Printer bed temperature: 95-100 degrees celsius
- Spool sizes: 750 grams spools of 1,75 and 2.85mm Diameter
- Colors: white, black, red, and blue
Are HIPS Filaments Expensive?
HIPS filaments remain comparatively affordable to other filament types available in the market. At a price of between $20 and $60, they fit perfectly in the price range that you may find some of the cheapest filament brands in the market.
The HIPS filament provides one of the cheapest and most effective soluble support materials in the 3D printing industry.
Also, due to its mechanical properties, the HIPS filament can be applied in prototype creation.
Equally, you can use it to fabricate home appliances, paint, and glue object parts. More importantly, you may readily find HIPS filament in the market in different brands, colors, and are quite affordable.
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