Optimal ABS Filament Temperature for Your 3D Prints

by Mike Brooks | Last Updated: April 29, 2022

ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) filament is a type of plastic used in 3D printing. It is stronger and more durable than PLA (polylactic acid) filament, making it ideal for prints requiring high strength and durability.

ABS Filament Temperature

As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. If you make a purchase after clicking on a link I may earn a small commission at no extra cost to you.

However, the optimal temperature range for ABS filament varies depending on the printer and type of extruder used.

In this blog post, we will explore the optimal temperature range for ABS and offer some tips to help you achieve optimum results.

What Is the Best ABS Filament Temperature?

ABS print filaments have a relatively low melting point so that they can be printed at lower temperatures than other materials. However, the lower the printing temperature, the slower the printing process will be, and the faster the printing will be with a high printing temperature.

The ideal recommended printing temperature range for ABS is between 210 and 250 degrees Celsius. If the filament is printed at too high of a temperature, it can cause warping and deformation.

Too low temperature can result in poor first layer adhesion and incomplete prints.

It is always best to experiment with different temperature settings to find the sweet spot for your particular printer and filament. Alternatively, you can try heat-resistant filament with a higher melting point.

It is also recommendable you adjust the print speed in line with the print temperature. If the print speed is not balanced with the temperature, you will have poor-quality prints. Consequently, the melted filaments may stick to the printing bed.

The Best Heated Bed Temperature for 3D ABS Filaments

ABS is a common type of filament used in 3D printers. It is known for its strong resistance to impact and heat, making it ideal for various applications.

When printing with ABS, it is essential to use the correct surface quality and heated bed temperature to ensure successful prints.

The recommended bed temperature for ABS is between 80-110°C. This range, together with proper hot end settings, will allow the filament to flow smoothly and achieve good ABS print bed adhesion to the print bed.

If the print bed temperature is too low, the filament may not flow properly and can result in poor print quality. The filament may warp or detach from the heated bed if the printing bed temperature is too high.

It is also important to note that the ideal printing bed temperature will vary depending on the type of ABS print filament used. Some filaments may require a higher or lower print temperature to achieve optimal results.

Always consult the manufacturer’s recommendations for the best results.

The Best Nozzle Printing Temperature to 3D Print ABS

Most 3D printers that are available to consumers use filaments that are made of ABS. In order to produce high-quality prints with ABS, it is essential to set the correct nozzle temperature.

The ideal nozzle temperature for printing with ABS material will vary depending on the printer you are using, the print speed, and extruder gear settings.

The extrusion temperature of ABS filament should be between 210 and 250 degrees Celsius.

If the extrusion temperature is too low, the ABS will not flow properly, and there will be poor first layer adhesion; hence the printed object will be of poor quality.

If the extrusion temperature is too high, the ABS filament will degrade and produce harmful fumes. The optimum temperature is also ideal for injection molding, the upper layers, and the first thin layer.

What Happens if You 3D Print ABS Plastic Too Hot?

If you print ABS too hot, it can result in several problems, such as poor ABS bed adhesion. The plastic may become warped, deformed, or even melt. That can ruin your print job and waste your material.

Printing ABS at too high of a temperature can cause the plastic to warp or deform.

The melted plastic can also clog your printer nozzle or stick on the print bed, making it difficult to print anything else. In severe cases, printing ABS too hot can damage your 3D printer.

It’s essential to use the correct temperature when printing ABS. Consult your printer’s manual or the filament manufacturer if you’re unsure what temperature to use.

Generally, the ideal temperature for printing ABS is between 210 and 250 degrees Celsius.

In addition, you use an acetone vapor bath to achieve ABS brands such as Lego bricks that have a smooth surface. Further, it is recommendable that you use a high-quality bed adhesive resin and heating element.

At What Temperature Does 3D ABS Plastic Melt?

ABS is a common type of plastic that is used in a variety of applications. It is known for its strength and durability, so it is often used in products that need to withstand heavy use or exposure to harsh conditions.

However, like all plastics, ABS has a melting point. If exposed to enough heat, it will begin to soften and eventually melt.

The exact melting point of ABS varies depending on the specific type of plastic, but it is generally between 220 and 240 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you are working with ABS and need to expose it to high temperatures, you need to be careful not to exceed its melting point. Otherwise, you could damage the plastic or cause it to lose its shape.

Does ABS Need Part Cooling?

The short answer is no; you don’t need part cooling for ABS. However, there are some cases where it can be helpful.

If you are printing large parts or parts with complex geometry, then part cooling can help to reduce warping and improve the overall quality of your print.

Additionally, if you are printing at high temperatures (above 250°C), then part cooling can help to prevent thermal cracking.

In general, if you are having trouble with warping, having ABS slurry prints, or poor print quality, then adding a part cooling fan or adjusting print speed may help.

However, it’s not always necessary, so you may want to experiment to see what works best for your particular setup.

The Best Ambient Temperature for 3D Printing ABS

When it comes to the 3D printing process with ABS filament, there are a few things you need to take into account to get the best results. One of the most important factors is the ambient temperature.

ABS is sensitive to temperature changes. If the temperature is too low, the plastic will be very brittle and can break easily. If the temperature is too high, the plastic will become too soft and can cause warping or other problems.

The ideal temperature for 3D printing with ABS filament is between 20-25°C (68-77°F). If the temperature is lower than this, you may need to use a heated print surface to help keep the plastic warm.

If the temperature is higher than this, you may need to use a fan for cooler air to help keep the plastic cool or try a filament with higher heat resistance.

ABS filament is also sensitive to humidity. If the air is too humid, it can cause the plastic to warp or become brittle. ABS’s ideal humidity level for 3D printing is between 30 and 50%.

Keep these factors in mind when setting up your 3D printer and printing with ABS filament to ensure high-quality ABS prints.

Glass Transition Temperature for ABS 3D Printing

The transition temperature (Tg) of a material is when the material changes from a hard, brittle state to a soft, pliable state.

ABS has a Tg of 105°C, meaning it will become soft and malleable when heated to this temperature. That is why ABS is often used for 3D printing. The material can be heated to its Tg and then molded into the desired shape.

However, the Tg of ABS can also be a liability. If the material is exposed to temperatures above 105°C, it will become soft and pliable, making it difficult to print.

That is why it’s essential to keep your 3D printer in a cool, well-ventilated area; if the ambient temperature is too high, it can cause the ABS to become soft and deform.

If you do need to print with ABS at the high glass transition temperature, the following are a few things you can do to minimize the risk of deformation.

The Best Fan Speed for ABS 3D Printing

When it comes to 3D printing with ABS filament, one of the most essential print settings is the fan speed.

Too high of a fan printing speed can cause warping and curling, while too low of a fan speed can cause delamination and poor first layer adhesion. So what is the best fan speed for ABS printing?

The answer to this question depends on a few factors, such as the type of printer you are using, the nozzle size, and the environment in which you are printing.

WINSINN 50mm 5015 Blower Fan 12V, 3D Printer 24 Volt Fans Blower Turbine Turbo Dual Ball Bearing, Brushless Cooling 50mmx15mm 2PIN (Pack of 4Pcs)

Check at Amazon

In general, though, a good range to start with is between 20% and 50% fan speed.

If you use a printer with a smaller nozzle (0.4 mm or less), you may need to increase the fan printing speed to prevent warping and curling.

In addition, if you are printing in an environment with high humidity, you may also need to increase the fan speed to reduce moisture absorption.

On the other hand, if you are using a printer with a larger nozzle (0.6 mm or more), you may be able to reduce the fan speed without sacrificing print quality.

In addition, if you are printing in an environment with low humidity, you may also be able to reduce the fan speed.

Related: Are 3D Printer Nozzles Universal?

Conclusion

So, what’s the optimal ABS temperature for your 3D prints? We recommend starting with a temperature of 210 degrees Celsius and adjusting as needed.

Experiment with different temperatures to see what works best for your printer and filament type.

Always use a thermometer (see at Amazon) to test the temperature of your filament before starting a print for optimal results. With a little trial and error, you can create beautiful, high-quality prints that will impress.

Michael Brooks is the founder of M3DZone.com. He sees a very bright future for 3D printing that's why his mission is to try and make this easy for everyone. Discover your hidden talent and creativity. You can follow here: Facebook, Twitter & Pinterest.